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Your Water Treatment Questions Answered

Your Water Treatment Questions Answered

Clean water is the hallmark of a healthy, safety community. If you are tasked with treating water to ensure that it meets guidelines for sanitation in your area, here are a few questions you might have about water treatment equipment.


What Contaminants Does This Treat? 

Sometimes well water will have contaminants that are not necessarily harmful to people, but will cause an undesirable taste or odor. In other cases the contaminants do pose a potential health risk, and must be treated immediately for the health and safety of those consuming or using the water. Depending on the situation, you may need different types of water treatment equipment.


What Contaminants Are Identified in Standard Analysis? 

Standard Analysis from the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) will be geared toward testing for the following: 

  • Bacteria, such as coliform or E. coli
  • pH levels
  • Water hardness
  • Sodium
  • Chloride
  • Nitrate and/or nitrite
  • Fluoride
  • Metals (copper, lead, arsenic) 

Beyond these standard items that the DHHS testing will identify, some water treatment facilities also want to include testing for beryllium, radioactivity, uranium, radon gas, and any volatile organic chemicals (VOCs).


What Chemicals Are Added to Water During Treatment? 

In order to eliminate some contaminants, chemical treatments are required. While it’s generally inevitable to avoid using chemicals altogether, it’s also important to know what these chemicals are before adding them to any water. These treatments will often remove other chemicals from the water, so there is a balance between the two and your facility will want to have information about why that specific treatment is beneficial.


What Potential Malfunctions Could Occur? 

Even the best water treatment systems do not always work perfectly. Since some malfunctions are expected, a water treatment facility should be aware of the most common or most likely malfunctions to create a plan to avoid them as much as possible, and address them if and when they occur. It’s also important to know how you will identify a malfunction so you can quickly find and fix any problems before they result in problems for your consumers.


What Maintenance is Required? 

Proper maintenance is essential to ensure that your water treatment equipment is working at all times. Regular maintenance can often prevent unexpected breakdowns and other issues from getting in the way of operations, and should be scheduled at specific intervals based on the recommendations of the equipment manufacturer. As you’re selecting equipment, compare maintenance costs so you know what to include in your budget. 


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